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Research on Cross-Race Relationships: An Annotated

04.07.2019 2 Comments

10 questions All Interracial Couples Get Asked

Verified by - Intimate interracial relationships have long been considered indicative of the social distance between groups, a barometer for gauging race relations. Social distance describes the feelings of similarity and closeness, or dissimilarity and rejection, that members of a group have toward members of some other group Bogardus ; Simmel Increasing rates of interracial and interethnic marriage -from about 7 percent in to 15 percent in Pew Research -are therefore indicative of improved race relations. Still, rates of interracial marriage remain much lower than would exist if race were irrelevant to partner choice. Given the relative scarcity of interracial relationships, sociologists have long sought to explain why they happen. That is, how and why do some couples overcome the substantial barriers to such unions?

Some experts maintain that although there appears to be a greater acceptance of interracial marriage, it is more likely that American society has become more tolerant of interacial dating rather than interracial marriage.

This claim is supported by research demonstrating much higher rates of interracial dating than interracial marriage. Dating - Dating Research Papers look at how dating has changed over the years, and new technology to aid in the dating process. History of Marriage - Arranged Marriages Research Papers evaluate the cultural traditions of the middle eastern countries.

Family Diversity - Family Diversity Research Papers discuss the different family structures from Family Typology in the 21st Century - Family Typology of 21st Century Research Papers delve into the changes in households in past century. Eugenics - The concept of eugenics is embraced by an identifiable movement in the medical and scientific fields that sees eugenics as a way to eliminate devastating diseases or inheritable mental or physical conditions.

History Marriage America - Interracial Marriage Research Papers examine the major strides American society has made in eliminating racial bias over the last 3 decades. By asking this question, you're acknowledging that interracial relationships are "outside the norm. That being said, I stare at couples all the time, regardless of their race.

I am a sappy romantic who loves couple-watching. In the same way, I like to give others the benefit of the doubt.

Some experts maintain that although there appears to be a greater acceptance of interracial marriage, it is more likely that American society has become more tolerant of interacial dating rather than interracial marriage. This claim is supported by research demonstrating much higher rates of interracial dating than interracial marriage. identity salience may influence a person's attitudes toward interracial dating. The purpose of this study will be to investigate college students' attitudes toward interracial dating. This research seeks to add to the current literature on interracial dating attitudes, and Cited by: 1. Jul 14,   Increasing rates of interracial and interethnic marriage-from about 7 percent in to 15 percent in (Pew Research )-are therefore indicative of improved race relations. Still.

I can never tell if they are staring and thinking:. What is your favorite part of your partner's culture? There is no judgment in this question, rather the person is genuinely curious to learn something about a foreign culture.

Do you speak [insert partner's language]?

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Much like the other two questions, this is simple curiosity. I have met interracial couples who speak each other's languages fluently and couples who cannot speak a word of their partner's language.

It varies depending on the language, culture and length of the relationship. US Edition U.

Are interracial relationships mercenary exchanges or unions of equality?

News U. Personal Video Horoscopes. Newsletters Coupons. Terms Privacy Policy. Tap here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you. Too bad he's taken An interracial couple. How weird. Questions that are OK to ask:. How did you two meet? Reagans, R. Differences in social difference: Examining third party effects on relational stability. Social Networks, 20, Reagans analyzed data on Americans' social networks collected in a large, national survey.

It appears that if a respondent has only one cross-race relationship, that relationship is more likely to have been formed recently than if a respondent has two or more cross-race relationships. Similarly, relationships with cross-race individuals were more likely to end prematurely than same-race relationships if the cross-race individual was a racial isolate in the respondent's social network. Reagans concludes that interracial relationships tend to end sooner than same-race relationships if the cross-race individual is a racial isolate, but not if the cross-race individual is one of a few cross-race friends.

What are the characteristics of adult cross-race romantic relationships? General social beliefs towards interracial relationships dictate they are problematic and dysfunctional Davidson, ; Pope, The results indicate that interracial romantic relationships are actually quite rewarding, contrary to popular myth.

All in all, there has been little to no support for the propositions that interracial relationships are inherently bad and dysfunctional. Interracial relationships appear to be as rewarding and cooperative as same-race romantic relationships. Gaines, Jr. Romanticism and interpersonal resource exchange among African American-Anglo and other interracial couples.

Journal of Black Psychology, 25, The authors surveyed interracial married couples to examine exchange of affection and respect in interracial marriages. The interracial couples had significant levels of affection and respect exchange. The authors conclude there is no evidence of relationships dysfunctionality for cross-race couples. In addition, composition of the union e.

Jul 01,   The purpose of this annotated bibliography is to provide readers with a quick reference for questions about cross-race relationships. In terms of this bibliography, "cross-race relationships" and "interracial relationships" refer only to close interracial relationships, such as friendships and romantic relationships, rather than cross-race contact with no attendant feelings of closeness.

Caucasian male-African-American female did not alter its success. Gaines Jr. The authors examined patterns of attachment style and responses to accommodative dilemmas e. Securely attached individuals reported less destructive behavior in response to a partner's negative behavior than insecurely attached individuals.

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The authors conclude that interracial couples "possess the ability to trust and form enduring socio-emotional bonds with their partners," and act in the interest of preserving the relationship. Perspectives on interracial relationships.

Duck Ed. Gaines and Ickes term most scientific approaches towards studying interracial relationships as "outsiders'" accounts of cross-race relationships.

They argue that societal biases pervade the interracial relationships literature because most theorists tend to collect "objective" data on cross-race relationships without ever asking members of interracial relationships what their experiences actually are. For example, in terms of interracial romantic relationships, past theorists have determined the draw of "forbidden fruit" is the primary motivation for entering into a cross-race relationship.

However, members of cross-race relationships tend to anecdotally report that they feel they have more in common with their partner personality-wise than they don't have in common demographic-wise.

In addition, individuals involved in interracial romantic relationships report they value each other's differences as providing novelty and contributing to self-expansion.

The authors conclude their chapter with a discussion on the resolution between the "outsiders'" and "insiders'" perspectives. The resolution of this conflict is vital for the success of an interracial relationship, and their conclusions on this subject are discussed in more detail in the interracial relationships maintenance section, below. Overall, minorities appear to be more accepting of interracial relationships than Caucasian-Americans.

This is evidenced by larger proportions of minorities involved in interracial relationships than Caucasian-Americans U. Social attitudes about interracial relationships are important, particularly because fear of social reprisal may be a sufficient deterrent for initiating interracial relationships.

Social attitudes also are important from a legislative perspective. Given that juries are supposed to be representative of local populations, attributions of guilt in criminal situations should be studied for systematic differences.

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A set of studies into attributions of guilt in domestic violence situations found that respondents assigned more blame to the victim when she was an African-American and particularly if she had been drinking alcohol. In addition, when the abuse occurred in an interracial relationship, more blame was assigned to African-American males than Caucasian-American males. These findings imply that African-American females in interracial relationships may be most at risk for not receiving the legal and social services they need.

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The findings concerning the differing interracial attitudes between the sexes have been quite mixed, where some findings report no differences, some studies report women have less tolerant attitudes, and other studies report women are more accepting of interracial relationships.

Regardless of the finding, the corresponding authors managed to come up with a logical explanation for each contradictory result. All in all, while most Americans espouse an egalitarian ideology Katz,social attitudes towards interracial relationships remain less accepting than intergroup attitudes, as a whole. Negative social attitudes towards interracial relationships can create barriers to interracial relationship formation and even contribute to unfair guilt attributions in legislature.

However, attitudes towards interracial relationships have improved over time, so hopefully this trend will sustain its present positive slope.

Interracial relationships.

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Goodwin and D. Cramer Eds.

3 interracial couples opened up about how they discuss race in their relationships

They find that persons of color tend to have much more liberal attitudes towards interracial relationships than Caucasian-Americans.

The authors discuss various beliefs about interracial relationships and compare these popular beliefs with research. They find interracial relationships to be less stable than same-race relationships, but that relationship satisfaction appears to be the same in both cross- and same-race relationships. All in all, this is well-written examination into the intricacies of social attitudes towards interracial relationships.

Harrison, L. Effects of race and victim drinking on domestic violence attributions. Sex Roles, 42, Harrison and Esqueda investigated the amount of blame college students assigned to victims of domestic violence in interracial relationships. They presented participants with a vignette of a domestic violence incident, including transcripts of interviews with the police.

They manipulated the race of the batterer African-American or Caucasianrace of the victim African-American or Caucasianand whether the victim had been drinking alcohol. Overall, the participants attributed more blame to a victim who had been drinking. However, this was qualified by the race of the victim: African-American drinking victims were blamed more for the incident than Caucasian victims who had been drinking.

Participants assigned more blame to the batterer when the batterer and victim constituted an interracial couple. Respondents blamed African-American batterers more when the victim was Caucasian than when the victim was African-American.

The authors conclude that assigned culpability is greater in interracial relationships than same-race relationships, and African-American victims, especially if they have been drinking, are at the greatest risk for not receiving the legal and social services they would need.

Mills, J. A note on family acceptance involving interracial friendships and romantic relationships. The authors were interested in college students' perceptions of their families' attitudes towards interracial relationships. Overall, African-American students held more favorable attitudes towards interracial relationships than Caucasians, which is consistent with other findings.

Respondents' perceived their families were not very accepting of interracial friendships or romantic relationships. Both African-Americans and Caucasians reported their families had equally negative views on interracial relationships.

Worry about family reactions to interracial relationships may deter individuals from initiating and maintaining interracial relationships. Baldwin, J.

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The structure s of racial attitudes among White college students. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 24, The authors investigated the structure of Caucasian Americans' prejudicial attitudes by testing various theories of racism.

They determined that theories of racial prejudice tend to fall into three structural categories: 1 "one-dimensional racism" - highly prejudiced individuals are prejudiced against all out-groups equally; 2 "racism as target-specific" - racial prejudice varies by culture and historical time period, but all members of stigmatized groups are discriminated against equally; 3 "racism as multi-faceted" - attitudes towards particular groups and group members vary by context, such as Caucasians' attitudes towards civil rights legislation benefiting African-Americans may vary from Caucasians' attitudes regarding interracial marriage.

Caucasian college students completed surveys assessing attitudes towards African- and Mexican-Americans in different contexts e.

Save the Last Dance is a love story about the pros and cons that comes along with interracial dat Free research essays on topics related to: healthy relationship, interracial dating, forced to move, white middle class, made the movie; Family And Friends Interracial Dating. A qualitative study of interracial dating among college gsscthunder.comational Journal of Sociology of Education, 2, Instructions for authors, subscriptions and further details: We present the results of a qualitative research study involving interracial dating on a U.S. university campus. apart from formal interview questions. In , about one-in-eight marriages or 12of new marriages in the United States were interracial, according to the Pew Research Center. Despite the growing numbers, the same study stated that two-in biracial black and white adults reported a family member treating them badly because of their multiracial Louis Baragona.

Using structural equation modeling, the authors found that participants' attitudes varied more according to functions of interactions with minorities than between ethnic groups. In other words, Caucasians' attitudes towards Mexican- and African-Americans were more a function of social distance with interracial dating and marriage being the most inclusive level of social distance than particular group membership.

Despite negative social attitudes towards interracial relationships, there are many benefits to cross-race friendships and relationships. These benefits span from decreased prejudice to higher educational aspirations and leadership skills. Overall, studies involving both children and adults overwhelmingly support contentions that cross-race friendships increase positive intergroup relations in the U. There has been much replication of studies showing better cross-race attitudes among individuals with high proportions of interracial friendships.

For children, the positive effects appear to span beyond intergroup attitudes to social and achievement domains. Among school children, greater interracial friendliness has been associated with beneficial outcomes in both achievement and social domains. In addition, students with high proportions of cross-race friendships show no difference in attitudes towards their same- and cross-race friends, whereas students with low quality or no interracial friendships consistently rated their same-race friends more positively on personality measures.

Interracial Dating Abstract This study was designed to examine the relationship between attitudes towards interracial dating and racism. Participants (N = , 75female, 91White and 9Black) completed a forty item online questionnaire designed to measure their personal attitudes. Dating someone from different culture or race will open your mind to many things. After all, if you feel love towards someone, none of it would matter to you. Keep the aforementioned tips in mind as it can help you strengthen your relationship with your partner and even promote interracial relationships with . Dec 16,   8 Questions Interracial Couples Are Tired of Hearing. 12/16/ am ET ated Dec 06, Dating is tricky - even more so when you don't follow the cookie-cutter mold of what a relationship should look like. Less than 50 years ago, interracial marriage was illegal in the United States and even when the anti-miscegenation laws were Author: Grace Buchele.

Therefore, cross-race friendships among children can improve their academic motivations, their feelings about same- vs. Sociology of Education, 63, A large, national sample of high school sophomores and seniors revealed beneficial outcomes of interracial friendship for academic success and leadership. Overall, African-Americans had higher educational aspirations than Caucasians.

However, both African-American and Caucasian students with cross-race friends had higher educational aspirations and outcomes. The authors conclude that interracial friendships appears beneficial for educational and achievement domains. Hunter, L. Interracial friendships, multicultural sensitivity, and social competence: How are they related? Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 20, Hunter and Elias examined the social competence and multicultural sensitivity of 5 th graders who had no or low quality interracial friendships or high quality interracial friendships.

Among the female students, interracial friendships were associated with greater social competence more sociable, less aggressive and multicultural sensitivity increased minority acceptance, lowered desire for social distance from other ethnic groups, more diverse social networks. The authors examined how positively students viewed their same- and cross-race friends on a variety of personality characteristics.

Overall, African-American students rated their African-American and Caucasian friends equally positively, but Caucasian students rated their African-American friends less positively than their Caucasian friends. What are the benefits of cross-race friendships for adults? A meta-analysis on intergroup contact conducted by Pettigrew and Tropp revealed that cross-race friendship was associated with less prejudicial attitudes over 39 studies.

Pettigrew, T. Does intergroup contact reduce prejudice? Recent meta-analytic findings. Oskamp Ed. In addition to intergroup contact, the authors examined 39 tests which specifically investigated the positive effects of intergroup friendship on levels of prejudice.

They found that intergroup friendship was highly associated with decreased intergroup prejudice. These findings support the contention that cross-race friendship is a key factor in reducing intergroup prejudice, mistrust, and discrimination. Sigelman, L. The contact hypothesis revisited: Black-White interaction and positive racial attitudes. Social Forces, 71, Sigelman and Welch analyzed data from a national telephone survey of American adults. They were interested in how interracial friendship effected perceptions of anti-African-American sentiment.

Interracial dating research questions

In general, African-Americans were much more likely than Caucasians to endorse items stating most Caucasians shared beliefs with the Ku Klux Klan and perceive rising levels of racism nationwide as well as in their neighborhood.

Interestingly, African-Americans were also more likely than Caucasians to perceive rising anti-Caucasian sentiment among African-Americans. However, interracial friendship moderated these effects.

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For African-Americans, interracial friendships were associated with less belief in the prevalence of Klan-like attitudes, and less perceived increase in racism in their neighborhood. In addition, African-Americans with interracial friends perceived less anti-Caucasian sentiments. For Caucasians, interracial friendship was associated with less perceived anti-African-American sentiment in their neighborhood.

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In addition, Caucasians with interracial friends had a greater commitment to African-American-Caucasian interaction than Caucasians without cross-race friends. Wright, S. The extended contact effect: Knowledge of cross-group friendships and prejudice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, The authors created competition between two groups of randomly assigned participants who thought the groups had been formed on the basis of similarity.

After intergroup hostility had been established, the participants observed one member of their in-group a confederate complete a puzzle task with a member of the out-group also a confederate.

The authors conclude that merely observing an in-group member act friendly towards an out-group member increases positive feelings towards that out-group. This finding is very optimistic for social change, as it implies that the positive effects of interracial friendship extend beyond the immediate friendship; increased positive attitudes towards other races may increase exponentially as more interracial friendships are formed.

Davidson, J.

INTERRACIAL DATING - 8 Questions Interracial Couples Get Asked

Interracial marriages: A clinical perspective. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 20, - Gurung, R. Mixing and matching: Assessing the concomitants of mixed-ethnic relationships. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 16,

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